terça-feira, 9 de setembro de 2014

OCDE - Education at a Glance, só vem provar aquilo que os professores já sabem

O OCDE - Education at a Glance 

Só vem provar aquilo que os professores já sabem:

Há falta de escola, há falta de professores na escola


The proportion of adults with upper secondary and tertiary attainment has grown steadily since 2000 as Portugal catches up with OECD and EU21* countries.
Portugal The proportion of adults with upper secondary and tertiary attainment has grown steadily since 2000 as Portugal catches up with OECD and EU21* countries. Portugal’s efforts to improve the level of qualification and skills of its adult population are showing encouraging results. According to the latest data (2012), some 62% of adults have not attained upper secondary education. Although this proportion is still very high (the third highest among OECD countries, only exceeded by Mexico and Turkey) 
Such low levels of attainment can be explained by the low level of attainment among older adults (55-64 year-olds), where 8 out of 10 have not attained upper secondary education (against one-third of older adults on average across OECD countries). 


Os professores são mal pagos
A escola pública está em risco

Declining public expenditure on education has resulted in the first decrease in teachers’ salaries in years.
Expenditure per student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education fell by 5 percentage points between 2010 and 2011, including both private and public sources of expenditure. This was above the average drop in EU21* countries of 2 percentage points. In 2011, Portugal spent 5.3% of its GDP on education, 0.3 percentage points less than in 2010. These budget cuts had an impact on teachers’ salaries: from 2011 to 2012, salaries for teachers with 15 years of experience and minimum training decreased by almost 16%, in a reversal of the historical pattern:


Os professores são competentes
Portugal is one of three OECD countries whose students improved their performance in maths since 2003.
The most recent PISA results (2012) showed that students in Portugal have significantly improved their mathematical skills since 2003: Portugal, along with Italy and Poland, reduced the proportion of low performers while increasing the proportion of top performers. Nonetheless, the assesment also revealed that there is a strong relationship between a student’s socio- economic background and his or her performance which can be a threat to equity. Differences also emerge at the regional level, where enrolment rates among 15-19 year olds range from 71% to 95% and the proportion of adults aged 30-34 years old with tertiary attainment can double depending on the region.

Faltam professores nas escolas, o corpo docente envelheceu

Other findings
 
The teaching workforce used to be younger than average across OECD: while in 2002 59% of secondary teachers were under 40 years old, compared with 38% on average across OECD countries, in 2012, this had fallen to 37%, compared with 37% on average.• The earnings premium of attaining higher education is high: on average, the earning difference beween tertiary educated adults and those with upper secondary education is 70 percentage points, 11 more than the OECD average.
The salary gap between men and women persists: on a par with other OECD countries, women with tertiary educational attainment have salaries, on average, 30% lower than those of equally educated men.   
http://www.oecd.org/edu/Portugal-EAG2014-Country-Note.pdf 


Mapa interativo comparativo

 



Consulte o documento integral:


   








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